Hidden Valley Animal Clinic

100 Oakhurst Drive
McMurray, PA 15317

(724)941-3900

www.hiddenvalleyac.com

Seizures

Seizure activity can vary from violent grand mal seizures to smaller less severe tremors.  They are extremely nerve-wracking to witness and are often accompanied by salivation, urination, and defecation.  Most seizures last between 1-3 minutes, followed by a period of disorientation and stupor. Do not touch an animal that is having a seizure or attempt to put anything in their mouth.  Seizures can be due to a wide variety of causes including epilepsy, toxic ingestion, head trauma, infection, liver problems, electrolyte imbalance, brain tumors, etc.  Seizures in diabetic animals and in young puppies (especially toy breeds) and kittens are often caused by low blood sugar.  In these cases, a small amount of karo syrup or sugar water can be given once the animal has regained the ability to swallow.  Animals that have repeated seizures, a seizure lasting more than five minutes, or additional symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, or altered consciousness need to be seen immediately.  Animals that have one seizure and then seem to recover fully should still be seen the next day so that an exam and bloodwork can be done to help determine the underlying cause.